Selective inclusion: Civil society involvement in the smart city ecology of Amsterdam

Authors: Filipe Mello Rose, Joachim Thiel, Gernot Grabher

Although research on smart cities increasingly acknowledges the involvement of civil society actors, most studies fall short when it comes to clarifying the specific modalities of civil society involvement. By probing into the smart city ecology that has developed around the Amsterdam Smart City organization, we explore not only the extent to which civil society is part of a smart city ecology but also what role civil society actors hold within this ecology.

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